Foot fungus is an infectious disease that spreads from person to person. Foot fungus is the most common type of fungus in adults. Both women and men and even children are sick.
Mycosis (fungus) is a skin disease caused by parasitic fungi. It can be easily spread by contact with an infected person or through objects and things with which the patient has had contact. Fungi are very fond of warm and humid environments, which is why public places such as saunas, baths, water parks, beaches, and swimming pools are considered potentially dangerous. English doctors call this disease "athlete's foot symptom", since athletes wear poorly breathing closed shoes, inside which moisture accumulates.
Mycoses are very insidious, despite the apparent simplicity of the disease, they are difficult to cure and tend to relapse.
Acknowledge as soon as possible
Treatment of mycosis is a rather long and complex process, so it is important to determine as early as possible what the fungus looks like on the legs, the reasons for its appearance, and start acting. The fungus usually appears first between the toes. Then, if left untreated, the infection invades the nail plate and causes destruction of the nail. If the cause is an infection in a pedicure salon, the disease begins with the nail plates.
Often, after infection, the fungus makes itself felt soon enough, and you immediately understand that "something" is wrong. But the manifestations of the fungus on the legs can have a different character - hidden or pronounced. That is why it is necessary to find out how the fungus on the legs begins, what it looks like and how to recognize it.
What are the first symptoms of fungus on the toes?
After contact with the skin, the leg fungus goes through an incubation period (depending on the person's immunity, from 3 to 14 days), at which time the disease does not manifest itself.
The first symptoms that should make you think about a visit to the dermatologist can be:
- The skin of the legs looks red or covered with spots, itching, burning. This causes terrible discomfort, you constantly want to scratch your legs. This sign of foot fungus is observed in 99% of cases of the disease.
- Thickening or roughness of the skin of the feet. Often this sign of toe fungus is ignored as it looks like a corn or callus.
- Bubbles with liquid in the affected areas of the skin. If the patient combs them, he can infect them, and then the blisters burst, suppurate and erode, ulcers and abscesses appear on the skin.
- Cracks appear between the toes. Most often, the defeat of the foot fungus begins in the spaces between the fingers (between the first and second or fourth and fifth). Cracks can cause discomfort or even pain.
- If timely treatment is not started, the skin on the legs becomes rough and takes on the appearance of scales, while excessively dry skin of the legs is observed - a sure sign that you have a fungus. Later, the affected areas of the skin (fingers, heel, foot) look smooth, covered with a whitish coating.
- Feet stink.
- The skin on the legs looks pathologically shiny.
- Edema appears. This suggests that you have chronic foot fungus.
The onset of a web infection begins when the skin between the toes looks too pale, soft, and clammy, and can present with symptoms such as burning skin and mild foot odor. If the infection is not treated, a bacterial infection is added to the fungal infection. And this, in turn, leads to the appearance of smelly feet.
Interdigital infection can be complicated even with treatment. Cracks and flaking develop until the skin becomes very dense and thick.
If no measures were taken, the infection passes to the nail plates, which contributes to their rejection and fall.
A less common type of fungal infection of the legs. Usually it begins with the fact that areas filled with liquid contents suddenly appear under the skin of the legs, resembling blisters. Blisters most often develop on the back of the foot, although they can also appear between the toes or in the heel area, as well as on the bottom of the foot.
This type of disease can develop after the primary infection. In addition, a secondary infection can affect both the same areas as the primary one (on the skin of the legs), and other parts of the body. The epidermis in these cases, as a rule, begins to flake off.
This fungus begins with the manifestation of pain in the foot. Then, during the course of the disease, the skin on the sole gradually thickens, and then begins to crack.
Fungal diseases in this form often affect the nails, which subsequently thicken, begin to crumble, or even fall off altogether.
Manifestation of symptoms and type of fungus.
The manifestations of the symptoms of toenail fungus depend on the type, as well as the degree and depth of the fungal infection.
Symptoms of nail fungus include the following manifestations:
- the nail looks cloudy, loses its shine;
- the color of the nail changes from yellow to black;
- the surface looks rough and the nail begins to crumble;
- the nail is pathologically thickened or, conversely, thinned to an extreme degree;
- there is a painful curvature of the nail plate;
- the cuticle around the diseased nail is either unaffected by the fungus or appears slightly inflamed.
With fungal diseases, it becomes very difficult, and sometimes impossible, to cut the nails without prior preparation, since they are too thick. If the thickened nail presses against the skin below, pain may result.
A fungal infection is a very complex disease, it is not easy to eliminate it, especially if the disease is running. Therefore, if you notice that "something" is happening, you should immediately consult a doctor, because only the initial stages of this disease are easier and faster to treat.
Urgent to the doctor!
If you notice signs of foot fungus on yourself, don't expect it to all go away on its own. The longer you have a fungus on your feet, the more difficult it will be to cure it and the worse for the whole body. Prolonged mycosis can cause weakened immunity, allergic reactions and exacerbation of chronic diseases. That is why at the first suspicions, contact a dermatologist or mycologist. The doctor will conduct an examination, determine the degree of the disease, the structure of the affected skin or nail, and make scrapings of tissue for analysis. Therefore, the doctor will determine the presence of a fungal infection on the legs, its type and prescribe the appropriate treatment, tablets, syrups or injections (in the most difficult cases).
So if you have a very sore bottom of your feet, perhaps an old fungus has returned, seek medical help immediately. It is very important to start immediate treatment of the fungus in order to recover from an unpleasant disease and protect others.
The initial stage of nail fungus.
Onychomycosis is a common pathology in which pathogenic microorganisms multiply deep within the nails and adjacent tissues. As a result, the nail plate is gradually deformed. The initial stage of nail fungus can be effectively treated.
Subject to recommendations, patients recover in a few months. Other preventative measures will help keep your nails healthy.
how is the initial stage
Symptoms in the early stages of the disease look the same on both arms and legs. At first, the nail plate changes its tone. From pink, it becomes yellowish and dull, sometimes changing to a grayish color. It is possible to change the structure of the plate - tubercles or other protrusions appear.
In the future, longitudinal stripes, yellow spots or spots on the nails become noticeable. The plaque begins to expand and thicken, at the same time it becomes brittle. The skin next to the nail also suffers from fungus, becomes inflamed and red. Most often, spore infection occurs on the legs, first of all, onychomycosis develops on the big toe (but there are exceptions).
At the initial stage of the disease, the fungus affects only one side of the nail plate. There are the following types of injuries:
- distal form - the upper part of the nail is affected;
- side view - the fungus is located on the sides of the plate;
- superficial lesion - the surface of the plate suffers;
- proximal way: the periungual roller is affected.
In the photo you can see the appearance of the nails, in the initial stage of onychomycosis.
how is the treatment
If you suspect onychomycosis, you should seek help from a dermatologist. The doctor will examine the nails, if necessary, scrape off the presence of mycelial fungus. After making a diagnosis, the doctor will tell you how to treat the disease.
Local therapy is aimed at eliminating inflammation and restoring the blood supply to the diseased nail. Preparations can be in the form of varnishes, sprays, lotions. They are applied to the affected nail plates, to the skin around them.
The most famous antifungal agents:
- varnishesThey are applied several times a week. The active substances penetrate deep into the nail. They are among the most powerful antifungal agents;
- cream. Designed for the treatment of the skin and periungual ridges. They are treated with healthy nails to protect them from the penetration of the fungus;
- drops. Medicines are applied to diseased nails. 1 - 2 drops;
- lotion kills fungus in the superficial layers of the nail.
Aerosols are used as a convenient prophylactic against onychomycosis. They process the soles of the feet, fingers and shoes.
In addition to local treatment, doctors perform systemic therapy. The patient is taking antifungal tablets or capsules. They kill the infection and help to quickly cope with the pathology.
- Laser therapy: the impact of laser beams on microorganisms. In the initial stages of the disease, it is enough for the patient to undergo only three or four procedures. The method not only kills pathogenic fungi, but also improves blood circulation.
- Ozone therapy - an injection of ozone is injected into the skin near the affected nail plates. The cells are saturated with ozone, they resist infections. Immunity increases in the body. But this procedure is effective only in the initial stages of the disease.
Both methods only complement traditional treatment at the initial stage. They are prescribed along with pills and topical treatments.
How traditional medicine can help
To cure the fungus in the early stages will help the advice of traditional healers. Its advantage is that natural products are used, without chemical additives.
The main treatment methods include:
- Apple Cider Vinegar: Dilute in equal proportions with warm water. Take a bath, take it for 15 minutes. Carry out the procedure every day until the disappearance of all symptoms. But apple cider vinegar is only suitable for treating foot fungus.
- In the early stages of onychomycosis, ordinary hydrogen peroxide actively suppresses the fungus. Soak your fingers in water with the addition of soda (one tablespoon per two liters of hot water). Soak cotton pads in peroxide, place on affected nails, and secure with a band-aid. Wear the compress for at least 40 minutes.
- Tea tree essential oil helps in treatment. This antiseptic is used as an additional remedy in all degrees of the disease. Rub a few drops of the extract into the affected nail plates, do not wash off the oil. Carry out therapy from 2 weeks until complete healing. But this method is not suitable for children and women in an interesting position.
- Soda baths help in the fight against fungus. Dilute a tablespoon of soda and a few drops of liquid soap (or grated laundry soap) in two liters of hot water. Dip your hands or feet into the solution. Keep them for 15-20 minutes. Then treat your nails with medicines or antiseptics.
- Regular treatment of nail plates with iodine helps to get rid of onychomycosis. Every day, lubricate the nail with an iodine solution. You can make antiseptic baths: add a bottle of iodine to three liters of water, hold your feet or hands in it for 10 minutes.
After baths and other home remedies, nails, fingers, and the skin between the fingers should be completely dried. Then put on your socks.
What are the complications?
If the problem is ignored, the fungus will not disappear on its own, microorganisms will multiply constantly.
This is fraught with consequences:
- complete deformation of the nail plate;
- the disease becomes chronic;
- the infection will spread to healthy nail plates;
- the immune system will decrease, a favorable environment will be created for the development of other viral or bacterial infections.
Treatment of onychomycosis is long and requires financial investments. Preventive measures will help protect yourself from the fungus, although they cannot be called a panacea for the disease.
- do not wear other people's things or shoes. As a last resort, treat them with antifungal medications;
- use only personal hygiene products: towels, scissors, nail file;
- in public places (saunas, baths or swimming pools) walk only in rubber shoes;
- do not try on new shoes in a store or market barefoot, wear socks.
Relapse is a common occurrence. It is observed in 6 - 8% of cases from the number of people recovered.
Fungal diseases affect people, regardless of age and gender. Not everyone knows what the fungus looks like in the early stages and does not attach importance to nail changes. Treatment at the initial stage of the disease is easy, new healthy ones grow in place of the affected nails.
Therapy is prescribed by a dermatologist, in addition to local methods, comprehensive treatment with antifungal drugs is carried out. In the initial stages of onychomycosis, along with traditional medicines, folk recipes can also be used.